Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS), also known as Gender Confirmation Surgery or Gender Reassignment Surgery, is a complex surgical procedure performed to help transgender individuals transition physically to their desired gender.

The goal of SRS is to align the physical characteristics of the body with the gender identity of the individual.

SRS is a multi-step process that involves various surgical techniques depending on the desired outcome.

Types of Sex Reassignment Surgery:

1. Male-to-Female (MTF) Surgery:
    • Orchiectomy: Removal of the testicles.
    • Penectomy: Partial or complete removal of the penis.
    • Vaginoplasty: Creation of a neovagina using penile skin or other tissue.
    • Clitoroplasty: Construction of a clitoris from existing tissue.
    • Labiaplasty: Creation of labia majora and labia minora.
2. Female-to-Male (FTM) Surgery:
    • Bilateral Mastectomy: Removal of breast tissue to create a masculine chest contour.
    • Hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus.
    • Salpingo-oophorectomy: Removal of the fallopian tubes and ovaries.
    • Phalloplasty: Construction of a neophallus using donor tissue or implants.
    • Metoidioplasty: Release of the clitoral hood to enhance genital size and function.


1. Vaginoplasty (MTF):
    • Penile Inversion Technique: The penile skin is used to create the neovagina.
    • Intestinal Graft Technique: A section of the intestinal lining is used to form the neovagina.
    • Combined Technique: A combination of penile and intestinal grafts may be used for optimal results.
2. Phalloplasty (FTM):
    • Radial Forearm Flap: A section of skin, blood vessels, and tissue from the forearm is used to construct the neophallus.
    • Anterolateral Thigh Flap: Skin, muscle, and blood vessels from the thigh are utilized to create the neophallus.
    • Musculocutaneous Latissimus Dorsi Flap: The latissimus dorsi muscle and surrounding tissue are employed to build the neophallus.



1. General surgical risks:
    • Adverse reactions to anesthesia.
    • Infection at the surgical site.
    • Bleeding or hematoma formation.
    • Blood clots.
2. Specific risks for Male-to-Female (MTF) Surgery:
  • Loss of sensation or decreased sensitivity in the neovagina.

  • Narrowing or closure of the neovaginal opening (stenosis).

  • Difficulty or pain during sexual intercourse.

  • Urinary complications, such as urinary tract infections or incontinence.

  • Formation of fistulas (abnormal connections) between the neovagina and rectum or bladder.

3. Specific risks for Female-to-Male (FTM) Surgery:
    • Complications related to donor site for tissue grafts (e.g., forearm, thigh), such as scarring, decreased sensation, or weakness.
    • Loss of sensation or decreased sensitivity in the neophallus.
    • Incomplete or unsatisfactory aesthetic and functional results.
    • Urinary complications, such as urethral strictures or difficulty with urination.
    • Risk of implant-related complications if erectile implants are used.
4. Psychological risks and complications:
    • Dissatisfaction with the aesthetic outcome.
    • Emotional distress or depression related to adjustment or unrealistic expectations.
    • Persistent or recurring gender dysphoria.
    • Difficulty adapting to the new gender role.
    • Delayed wound healing or wound dehiscence.
    • Scarring or keloid formation.
    • Nerve damage leading to altered sensation or numbness.
    • Skin necrosis (tissue death) at the surgical site.

It’s important to discuss these risks with your plastic surgeon and understand the potential complications specific to your case. Surgeons take measures to minimize these risks through careful evaluation, planning, and post-operative care.




Recovery Process:

Remember, it’s important to consult with your plastic surgeon for personalized instructions and guidance throughout your recovery process.

Potential Results:


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    • SRS, also known as Gender Confirmation Surgery or Gender Reassignment Surgery, is a surgical procedure performed to help transgender individuals align their physical characteristics with their gender identity.

SRS is typically recommended for individuals who have undergone thorough psychological evaluation, have been living in their desired gender role, and have received hormone therapy for a certain duration. It is important to consult with a qualified plastic surgeon for personalized evaluation and recommendation.

There are two main types of SRS: Male-to-Female (MTF) Surgery and Female-to-Male (FTM) Surgery. MTF Surgery involves procedures such as vaginoplasty, while FTM Surgery includes techniques like phalloplasty and mastectomy.

Like any surgical procedure, SRS carries certain risks and complications. These can include infection, bleeding, adverse reactions to anesthesia, scarring, loss of sensation, urinary complications, and psychological challenges. Your surgeon will discuss these risks and how they pertain to your specific situation during the consultation.

The recovery period varies depending on the specific procedures performed and individual healing abilities. Generally, patients can expect a recovery period of several weeks to a few months. Your surgeon will provide detailed post-operative care instructions to facilitate the healing process.

SRS aims to provide both aesthetic and functional outcomes. Surgeons utilize various techniques to preserve or enhance sexual function, depending on the procedure performed. However, individual experiences may vary, and it’s important to have realistic expectations. Discussing sexual function with your surgeon is essential to understand the potential outcomes.

The cost of SRS can vary significantly based on factors such as the specific procedures performed, surgeon’s fees, facility costs, and geographical location. It’s advisable to consult with your surgeon or their administrative staff to obtain a detailed breakdown of the costs involved, including pre-operative evaluations, surgery, hospitalization, and post-operative care.

Insurance coverage for SRS varies depending on the insurance provider and policy. Some insurance companies offer coverage for SRS, while others may have specific criteria or exclusions. It’s important to check with your insurance provider and discuss coverage options with your surgeon’s office.


The medical team in the plastic surgery department deserves high praise for their exceptional dedication, expertise, and commitment to providing outstanding care, creating an environment of excellence and support.


Please note that these prices are general and can vary based on individual circumstances.


Our clinic’s highly skilled surgeons prioritize staying up-to-date with the latest research and medical literature in Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS), ensuring they provide the highest level of care. They engage in continual professional development, review current research and literature, collaborate with experts, and offer patient-centered care. Their expertise and commitment to staying current enable us to deliver cutting-edge treatments and optimal outcomes for our patients.


After your Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS) at our clinic, we are committed to providing you with comprehensive support and counseling to ensure a comfortable recovery. We understand that this transformative journey involves physical and emotional adjustments, and we are here to support you every step of the way. Our experienced team will guide you through the healing process, address any concerns or questions you may have, and provide the necessary resources for your well-being. With our compassionate care and personalized counseling, we aim to make your recovery as smooth and empowering as possible.

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